Before It’s Too Late what to do About El Salvador Women
The ORMUSA lawyer interviewed by Al Jazeera indicated that “everal senior judges have denounced the Special Comprehensive Law for a Violence-free Life for Women as ‘unconstitutional,’ insisting they would not implement it in their courts” (ibid.). Freedom House states that violence against women in El Salvador is a “serious problem” .
“We have, for instance, a 50 per cent increase in reports of sexual violence. But we can’t in all certainty attribute this to an actual rise in that type of violence, as a change in women’s attitude could be a contributing factor. There has also been an increase in the number of violent murders of women accompanied by extreme cruelty, which are normally linked to the activities of the Maras”, said Morena.
According to the ministry, employers in the agriculture sector did not generally grant annual bonuses, vacation days, or days of rest. Women in domestic service and the industrial manufacturing sector for export industry, particularly in the export processing zones, faced exploitation, mistreatment, verbal abuse, threats, sexual harassment, and generally poor work conditions. Workers in the construction industry and domestic beautiful salvadoran women service were reportedly subject to violations of wage, hour, and safety laws. There were also reports of occupational safety and health violations in other sectors. The law provides the right of most workers to form and join independent unions, to strike, and to bargain collectively. The law also prohibits antiunion discrimination, although it does not require reinstatement of workers fired for union activity.
- The worst forms of child labor occurred in coffee and sugarcane cultivation, fishing, mollusk shucking, and fireworks production.
- Children also worked as domestic servants and endured long work hours and abuse by employers.
- Resources to conduct inspections were inadequate, and remedies remained ineffective.
- In order to survive, orphans and children from poor families frequently worked as street vendors and general laborers in small businesses.
- The government did not effectively enforce the laws on freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining in all cases.
- The maximum penalty for employers who interfere with the right to strike was $114.
The NGO Space for Lesbian Women for Diversity claimed that, as of November, the Attorney General’s Office had not prosecuted any cases of killings and other violent acts or of possible human rights violations committed by public officials against LGBTI persons. The Secretariat for Social Inclusion reported that 11 LGBTI persons were killed during the year because of their sexual orientation. The PDDH reported that since 2009 a total of 18 LGBTI persons were killed because of their sexual orientation. Although the law prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity, discrimination against LGBTI persons was widespread, including in employment and access to health care. In May the PDDH conducted a survey of transgender individuals and reported that 52 percent had suffered death threats or violence, of which 23.7 percent had reported the incidents.
Mareros, the members of the maras, adhere to a cult of weapons and violence with ultra-violent rites of passage, including being serious beaten by their peers in order to demonstrate their ability to endure pain. Since 1997, the Central American country has had one of the most severe laws targeting women and people who assist with abortions. SAN SALVADOR – El Salvador should apply a moratorium on laws that punish women with harsh jail terms for having an abortion while it reviews cases of those already incarcerated in the socially conservative Central American country, a top U.N. Ms. ARGUETA said the Legal Commission was entrusted with harmonizing national legislation with international standards. On measures related to housing, one third of the country’s homes had been destroyed during the earthquakes and women who headed households were given priority in rebuilding projects. Ms. ARGUETA, elaborating further on the work of the Salvadoran Institute for the Advancement of Women, said the Institute’s work went far beyond mere training. The Institute coordinated the work of a number of institutions on such activities as legislation, violence, family and health.
Any attempt to address the structural failings that led to widespread gang control of the country must incorporate women’s needs, experiences, and abilities in order to be effective. The adoption of UNSCR 1325 acknowledged that conflict and peace are gendered, and that women’s voices and experiences must be incorporated into decision-making on these issues. However, gang violence has yet to be meaningfully addressed via a WPS lens. Additionally, while gang violence in El Salvador has been well-studied, it is rare for literature to discuss it as a gendered phenomenon. The literature that does often focuses on the important issue of violence against women, but not necessarily on women as leaders or decision-makers in peace and security issues.
The health and human rights implications of this strict criminalization of abortion are compounded given that like many Latin American countries, El Salvador is experiencing an outbreak of the Zika virus. While Zika is not in itself a life-threatening condition, it has been linked to congenital abnormalities, namely microcephaly, in babies born to mothers who contracted the virus. Beatriz’s case exemplifies the lack of political will to ensure women’s access to safe abortion care even in the most dire of medical circumstances, and has spurred the recent global call to action on ensuring sexual and reproductive rights to women in El Salvador. There were reports of overtime and wage violations in several sectors.