Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Information on tv. To resolve the very first group of research concerns about the prevalence

Information Analyses

To respond to the initial pair of research concerns concerning the prevalence of nonheterosexual product on tv, we utilized episode-level information ( e.g., percentages of episodes containing same-sex behavior that is sexual containing speak about intercourse linked to nonheterosexuals) and chi-square analyses to look at between-group distinctions with one of these nominal Camsloveaholics information. For the 2nd pair of research questions, we utilized only those implies that included nonheterosexual intimate content and evaluated their regularity across 2-minute periods ( e.g., range periods per hour of system time with nonheterosexual intimate talk). For those analyses, we utilized t-tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) to try team differences. Significant omnibus F-tests had been followed up with post hoc comparisons making use of Tamhane’s T2 test, which will not assume equal mobile size or equal variance, to recognize significant differences across teams.

Outcomes

Prevalence of Nonheterosexual Sexual Information

About one out of six programs inside our examples included any content that is sexualbehavior or talk) linked to nonheterosexuals. Dining dining dining Table 1 shows the portion of implies that contained any same-sex intimate behavior and any sexual talk linked to nonheterosexuals by system genres, by form of system, and also by period of day aired. For system kind, the 11 channels had been categorized into certainly one of three groups: commercial broadcast (including the 3 major companies ABC, CBS, and NBC along with Fox, UPN, and WB), cable music activity (including BET and MTV), and premium cable film (including Cinemax, HBO, and Showtime). Pertaining to time of day broadcast, had been classified as prime-time.

Dining Dining Table 1

Note: Within form of system and time of day aired, percentages into the column that is same don’t share subscripts vary at p dining dining Table 1 ). More often than not, there clearly was a top amount of communication between a genre’s general ratings for same-sex behavior that is sexual mention nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas. Furthermore, genres’ standings on both these factors had been fairly stable over the two tv periods.

Three genres had been regularly lower in both kinds of nonheterosexual sexual content: Children’s cartoons (none of which included behavior that is sexual sexual talk linked to nonheterosexuals in either 12 months), news publications . 3 Genres that had a tendency to possess the best proportions of programs with nonheterosexual content had been variety/comedy and film that is feature. Made-for-TV films and programs classified as “other” additionally had reasonably high proportions with nonheterosexual sexual content; nonetheless, both these categories included just only a few programs ), rendering it tough to draw conclusions about them. Therefore, we do not highlight the findings associated with them although we include these latter two genres in the tables.

Network-type evaluations

Note: Within types of community and period of day aired, means into the same line that don’t share subscripts vary at p 1 For simplicity of presentation, we utilize the term “nonheterosexual” to refer collectively to all or any people whose sexual orientation just isn’t solely heterosexual, including homosexual men, lesbians, and bisexuals of either intercourse.

2 one other behavior that is sexual ended up being utilized to recapture all the forms of intimate tasks that failed to belong to the categories specified flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse implied, and intercourse depicted including low-level sexual acts such as for example leering to high-level intimate functions such as for instance masturbation and bondage and discipline.

4 Because our examples consist of programs from both commercial broadcast and cable systems, we used a typical device quantity of 2-minute periods each hour of program time in place of amount of 2-minute intervals per 1-hour show to evaluate the frequency of intimate behavior and discuss sex regarding nonheterosexuals. This makes up the fact commercials considerably reduce steadily the amount of system content on broadcast networks to about 22 two-minute periods in an one-hour system, whereas 1-hour cable programs routinely have about 30 two-minute periods.