Allow me to inform you more about Eritrean

Author(s): Dorothy Cooper; Aisling Underwood Date Authored: January 01, 1996 Date Reviewed that is last 16, 2010

Dorothy Cooper authored the very first form of this article in 1996. In 2010, Aisling Underwood contributed substantial updates, and included brand new parts: Family and Kinship construction; Infancy, Childhood and Socialization; Adolescence, Adulthood and later years; Drinks, Drugs and Indulgences; Holidays; Death; Chronic infection, psychological state, HIV/AIDS; and Further Reading.


Eritrea is definitely an eastern country that is african into the Horn of Africa. It’s concerning the size of their state of Mississippi, roughly 120,000 kilometers that are square. Eritrea borders Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti, plus the Red Sea. The spot is dominated by a highland that is south-central a normal level of 2,100 meters. The southern area has extinct volcanoes and industries of broken lava. The western is principally streams and fertile plains. The eastern, bordering the Red Sea, is really a strip that is narrow of scrubland and wilderness. Eritrea’s seaside location has for ages been essential in its history and culture—a fact mirrored in its title, which will be an Italianized form of Mare Erythraeum, Latin for “Red Sea.”

History and Politics

Eritrea’s history dates back into the days of the Pharaohs in Egypt, if they carried out trade because of the chiefs of this Red water coasts. The spot had been occupied not merely by Egypt, but additionally because of the Turkey and Italy. Italy destroyed the colony towards the British in 1941 and after World War II, the un made Eritrea an autonomous area of ethiopia.

In 1961, the war that is eritrean independency started. The year that is following under Emperor Haile Selassie, Eritrea had been annexed and not just had been its flag discarded, nevertheless the individuals were forced to talk Amharic, the state language of Ethiopia. The armed battle proceeded until 1991 whenever Eritrea managed to gain its independency. Through the thirty many years of fighting, the nation was at a situation of civil war.

As Eritreans had been fighting with regards to their freedom, their nation ended up being devastated. The countryside was at ruins and several Eritreans left to flee the intense combat. Many went first to refugee camps in neighboring nations such as for example Sudan and Zaire (now the Republic of Congo). Health issues when you look at the refugee camps had been terrible and many suffered from disease and hunger. Through the refugee camps, some Eritreans went along to nations such as for example Germany, Sweden, Italy, america, and Canada. For most Eritreans in Seattle, the usa is their 2nd, 3rd, and even 4th house.

There are two main, and much more recently three, primary waves of Eritrean refugees: those through the 1980s and 1990s and recent immigrants escaping mandatory service that is national can carry on indefinitely. Latest immigrants are young men since it is easier to allow them to actually keep the nation. Many come illegally throughout the Mexico edge, looking for asylum right right right right here. Some result from Egypt, Malta, and Ethiopia through resettlement programs as refugees.

Cultural Orientation Resource (COR) Center reports in December 2010: “The united states of america is currently in the act of resettling more or less 6,500 refugees that are eritrean the Shimelba Refugee Camp in north Ethiopia. The refugees are typically cultural Tigrinya and Kunama whom cannot properly go back to Eritrea or settle completely in Ethiopia. Those accepted for U.S. resettlement are joining a combined band of 700 Kunama refugees from Shimelba have been resettled in the United States in 2007.”

See COR’s Refugee Backgrounders concerning the wave that is latest of Eritrean refugees: Eritrean Refugees through the Shimelba Refugee Camp (December 2010)


The language that is traditional over fifty percent the populace of Eritrea, and from now on the state language of Eritrea, is Tigrinya (also spelled Tigrigna). Eritreans older than 50 might also talk Arabic, Amharic, and Italian, since they lived through the Italian and Ethiopian vocations. A written report on the site Ethnologue, lists 12 languages that are individual in Eritrea, and includes English and Standard Arabic as nationwide or formal languages, along side Tigrinya.

Eritreans strongly genuinely believe that Eritreans comprehend each other and choose not to ever be equated with Ethiopians, and even though some Ethiopians talk Tigrinya. Nonetheless, considering that the end associated with the occupation that is ethiopian there wsince as strong a choice for the strictly Eritrean interpreter into the medical care environment. With reducing tensions amongst the Ethiopian and Eritrean populace, an Ethiopian interpreter whom talks Tigrinya is a reasonable selection for non-English speakers.

Many Eritreans beneath the chronilogical age of 50 will probably talk some English, as it’s now being trained in Eritrean schools. Some immigrants that are recent English quite nicely.

However some Eritreans talk English well, medical terminology might not be comprehended or be directly translatable. Consequently, you should utilize an interpreter whenever describing technical information that is medical.

Interpersonal Relationships

Names, Naming

Typically, kiddies receive their names whenever baptized. They get both confirmed title and a Christian title, that will be applied to spiritual occasions. The Christian title is usually based on the Saint’s Day upon which the kid comes into the world. Kids, both male and female, receive their father’s name that is first their surname and certainly will keep this title in their life.


Expressions of Courtesy in Nine Languages: an instrument for Medical services This language learning device features videos of indigenous speakers saying expressions of courtesy in nine languages, including Amharic and Tigrinya. Expressions of greeting, introduction, acknowledgment, departure as well as for crisis circumstances in a medical environment could be played at a standard rate as well as a learning speed. The aim of this device is always to supply a jumping-off point for developing rapport within the interpreted wellness encounter. View Amharic videos | View Tigrinya videos.

Marriage, Family, Kinship

Gender Roles

Usually, girls are taught to execute home tasks, however with household functions changing because of immigration, the men within the grouped household additionally help you with housecleaning and dishwashing. As both partners commence to work more beyond your house, home duties are far more usually provided by women and men.

Family and Kinship Construction

Eritrean immigrants generally speaking choose that kids date and marry other Eritreans, that they will better understand each other’s culture because they feel. In the future there clearly was more inter-cultural dating, although this might be nevertheless generally speaking frustrated.

Extended Families

Eritreans assist the other person and many deliver cash back to family unit members in Eritrea.

Typically, Eritreans care for elder members of the family in the home and treat this as a duty that is important. This social value is embraced by younger Eritrean refugees, though many have not yet had a need to look after elders. This more youthful generation will probably find it challenging to care for elders in the home as a result of the dependence on men and women to the office. Since the Eritrean community many years, there is certainly debate in regards to the importance of a retirement home that is eritrean. The city seems highly that a center where Tigrinya is talked is important to caring well for elders.